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Wednesday, December 26, 2012

Conference discusses the problems behind the delay in the HCL law; Needs popular participation, 26 DEC


Conference discusses the problems behind the delay in the HCL law; Needs popular participation

Matmron: oil and gas law needs to be enriched with the participation of popular
12/25/2012 12:00 am
Seminar reviewing the reasons for delay approval
conference discussed oil on the draft law of oil and Algasalve organized by the Center fire eternal development and development points of contention on the law and leading to broad popular participation to the most important resource Alaohualnaft as belong to all people.
and discussions reflected the attention span owners of opinion and experience of the need to reach important participants in understanding the dimensions of the law and its impact on the country’s economic future.
spoke vice president of the parliamentary energy commission d. Ali Fayad, in his speech, saying The responsibilities regulatory and legislative and can offer support and outsourcing institutions and relevant ministries of energy, indicating that the Commission is seeking to permanently to evaluate and improve the oil industry and find the mechanisms of joint with specialized ministries in order to achieve the best results that can reflect positively on Iraq’s future economic development.
pointed Fayad that the Constitution was clear in its emphasis on finding formulas understanding joint coordination between specialized ministries and to develop appropriate legislation for the development of the extractive industry and cooperation with relevant organizations to develop this fact, such as Transparency International in order to preserve the wealth of the Iraqi people, explaining that the Constitution was very frank in determining the powers of government and the regions oil producers in how to manage the affairs of the oil and energy in Iraq, especially that the constitution text and clearly and in accordance with Article 111 stipulates that the oil belongs to the Iraqi people, and should maintain the wealth, explaining that the delay in approving the law of oil and gas could pose serious damage to Iraq in the ranges of medium and long, calling on all politicians and decision-makers to take their national in it, and seek in earnest to approve the law, which he described as (historical), as it contains passages that can benefit to all the Iraqi people.
In order to quickly pass the law said Fayad quest Energy Commission since long periods to bring the views between the center and the province, especially in the points of contention in the law, stressing reached advanced stages of understanding between the two sides, suggesting the presence of top priority to the legislation of laws that come from the government after ratified, because they contain technical aspects that could give many of the solutions to the economic reality in Iraq.
said ministry spokesman Assem Jihad, Oil in an interview (morning) that the ministry supports all orientations aimed at developing the oil and gas sector. He pointed out that the ministry has worked on the development of the reality of the oil sector, despite disabling law, where headed to work towards raising production capacities in the oil fields in general, adding that the ministry needs to oil and gas law, which regulates management of the oil sector.
As a member of the Baghdad Provincial Council morning Tamimi said facing oil and gas law proposed several controversial subjects which constitute a whole challenges overlapping political and economic, but the most important challenges lie in the legal side or legislative where Article (111) of the Constitution provides that oil and gas are owned by all the people of Iraq in all the regions and governorates that this article make full oil wealth a matter of sovereignty and confers rights management to the central government or federal, and pointed out that Article (112 first paragraph) states that the federal government will administer oil and gas in existing fields with the governments of producing regions and provinces and in this case deprives federal governments from participating in the management of the fields the future,
while the Oil Ministry has revealed earlier about the existence of huge oil reserves in the western regions and the province of Kurdistan. He explained that the stock is expected in the western regions of the (100) billion barrels, with total (45) billion barrels in the areas of Kurdistan. This brings up Iraq to (260) billion barrels to be the second largest world countries stockpile after Saudi Arabia, and match this information with the reported study by the consulting firm International is a company (IHS) and published by the Agency (CNN) On 22 April 2007 from a reserve oil over (100) billion barrels in areas of Iraq west of the oil reserves potential estimated Iraq’s oil reserves fixed in the early eighties of the last century up to (330) billion barrels.
should be noted that the number of fields developed and producing oil in Iraq now about (15 ) field just out of (73) field uncovered. And that some of these fields stockpile oil enormous and is considered one of the giant fields in accordance with the standards adopted globally, such as fields, Majnoon, Nahr Umar, Halfaya West Qurna, Nasiriyah, Alrtaua and east of Baghdad.
has hinted Tamimi it is noticeable that the majority of countries in the world that have applied federal give priority to federal laws and not to the regions and provinces, and is this intersection of powers between the federal government in Baghdad and the regions and provinces, the dilemma of law that may be paid in subsequent phases to establishing deep problems regarding management of oil and gas in different parts of Iraq, so it has received a draft oil law with great interest of political elites and oil attaches the most important source of wealth of Iraq in the present time, therefore split opinion about it to two first put the idea to postpone the legislation for the time being, mainly due to the Iraqi constitution Gallery adjustable according to article (132) of it after a few months, and will not be reasonable for a law of oil and gas before the end of the amendment If supposed to be drafted law and according to the provisions of the Constitution, and that the security situation is not conducive to investment at the present time and therefore can not be implemented under the prevailing circumstances now.
either second trend, Viaud to speed up the legislation of law and justify the fact that Iraq desperately needs to develop ways discovery and production of oil and gas to get the largest possible production of the urgent need for economic development and helpless, because there are no resources other than those resources. As the enactment of this Act now helps to accelerate the economic development that its main goals eliminating or reducing the level of unemployment suffocating in Iraq.
drew Tamimi said the security situation is not fit to be an argument featured for the delay, because large parts of Iraq are eligible security for investment now, not still debate and dialogue ongoing between these trends and other segments of Iraqi society, and which indicates health care workers toward crystallizing the best formulas available that will invest Iraq’s oil wealth and to preserve the unity and independence of Iraq.
Lama representative Norwegian company sponsoring the conference pointed out that the draft law of oil and gas in 2011 gave a clear role for the Council of Ministers and the Federal Council for Oil and Gas, as an integral part of the Council of Ministers and the Federal Council nature specialist wide backed experience, in drawing strategies and decisions peaceful concerning the oil industry.
, as well as a clear division of roles between the joints on Industry extractive oil and gas, which the House of Representatives and the Council of Minister and the Federal Council for Oil and Gas and the Oil Ministry and the National Oil Company and bodies of the regions and provinces. Retained the Iraqi Oil Ministry role sovereign and executive powers task to manage files oil and the ability to cooperate and identify roles and partnerships with producing regions and provinces and unique marketing operations.

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